Rare Lancashire raw movement with cap, circa 1860.
Fullplate fusee frame ready to be completed and finished, the 14-size hollow-back (no brass-edge) pillar plate stamped M.M and the cap M.K. Frame and cap only, no train or escapement parts. 43 mm diameter.
The 'M*M' (machine made) stamp is associated with James Berry but this 'M.M' stamp is different. It may be an alternative used by Berry or is perhaps that of Mathew Makin, a movement maker recorded working in Ecclestone and later Prescot.
English watch manufacturing was split into at least forty separate specialist trades at this time, around 50% who were involved in the manufacture of rough movements, which the Swiss/French called an ebauche. It is easy to see how much work was still needed at this point, but also to see how wonderfully good and crisp was the work of these pre-eminent Lancashire based specialists.
NB: Few rough movements with caps have survived and, being unfinished, confirms one-piece manufacture using a simple form of ornamental turning lathe - they are not soldered up from parts. It also shows off the skill of the cap bolt maker, yet another specialisation worthy of research.
A rare survival and a good record of a tradition long since passed, and bearing rare movement maker's and cap maker's stamps. In good original stoned condition, with some internal corrosion present on the cap, but generally cleaner than most rough movements that survive.
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