Top quality fusee movement with rare 1st period jeweling, circa 1710.
Fullplate fusee movement with beautifully pierced and engraved clock and slide plate the balance jewelled both ends, with ruby endstones, and with 8-tooth escape pinion (six was the norm). Verge (recoil) escapement. Steel balance, 3-turn spiral balance-spring, the stud with square hole for taking a square pin (missing), as used by Tompion, Harrison and only a few other top London watchmakers. Later enamel dial fitted to the original brass-edge. 41.5 mm diameter, 18.5 mm deep, not including centre arbor.
Charles Goode, the Strand, London, one of the first to use jewelled bearing in watches. This began in London work between 1705 and 1710 following the Patent successfully taken out by Nicholas Facio acting with the jewel cutters Peter and Jacob Debaufre in 1704. This was later defeated by the now well known and dishonest actions of the Clockmakers Company. Such early work is rarely if ever seen intact, made even more so by the fact that most surviving early jewelled watches have been updated with later settings.
The typical Goode-type jeweling seen in this watch has a distinctively shaped blued-steel collar that itself holds no endstone but which holds a one-piece brass setting in place with two collared screws. The setting itself contains both a pierced and a flat ruby which was not designed to be taken apart for cleaning, no doubt another reason that so few now survive.
NB: One of the better known standard books on watches (now nearly fifty yers old) states that balances were jewelled at the top pivot only at this earliest period. This is not correct and staffs were indeed jewelled both top and bottom with, in rare cases, the escape wheel also jewelled, again at both ends. Please also note that many originally non-jewelled early 18th century watches were later jewelled, some indeed on the top pivot only. Such later work is not part of the main development of watch jeweling which gradually spreads throughout the train, though jeweling past the escape wheel is only very rarely seen in 18th century work.
Top-plate scratch numbered 8, lacking hands, the 3rd wheel lacking a pivot and the slide-plate sadly somewhat defaced no doubt due to a poorly replaced staff. Otherwise complete and with the original jeweling in surprisingly good condition - a rare and historically important movement well worth restoring. Not working.
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